International Centre for Circassian Studies (ICCS)


Learn Circassian

This section shall include basic materials to help those who wish to teach themselves the Circassian language. The two official languages used in the Caucasus, namely Adigean and Kabardian, shall be addressed.


This page shall be continuously expanded and developed as new relevant materials become available for uploading. Your comments and suggestions in this respect are most valuable.



E-mail: circassiancentre@gmail.com

Alphabets and Phonetics


Фонетикэр бзэщIэныгъэм щыщу бзэм и макъхэр зыдж Iыхьэщ.

Kabardian Phonetics

This work describes the sounds of Kabardian using a (simplified) 'standard' phonetic transcription and a proposed Latinized system. It is mainly directed at the lay reader who either wants to learn the language or who is driven by curiosity to cast a quick look at the sounds of one of the more exotic languages of the world.
Kabardian Phonetics.doc Kabardian Phonetics.doc
Size : 358 Kb
Type : doc

Latinized Kabardian Alphabet

Latinized Kabardian Alphabet.pdf Latinized Kabardian Alphabet.pdf
Size : 167 Kb
Type : pdf


Grammar of the Kabardian Language
Kabardian Grammar.pdf Kabardian Grammar.pdf
Size : 246 Kb
Type : pdf


Гугъуэт, Л. (L. Gwghwet) and Зэхъуэхъу, Л. (L. Zex’wex’w), АДЫГЭБЗЭ. Adigebze [The Circassian Language], Nalchik: Elbrus Book Press, 1984.

[Courtesy of Circassian Online Library]
Circassian Primer.djvu Circassian Primer.djvu
Size : 3851 Kb
Type : djvu



Jaimoukha, A. M., Kabardian-English Phrase-Book.

Kabardian-English Phrase-Book.pdf Kabardian-English Phrase-Book.pdf
Size : 193 Kb
Type : pdf


Qarden (Къардэн; Kardanov), B. M. (ed.), КЪЭБЭРДЕЙ-УРЫС СЛОВАРЬ. Kabardinsko-russki slovar’ [Kabardian-Russian Dictionary], Kabardino-Balkarian Science and Research Institute, Moscow: State Press of Foreign and National Dictionaries, 1957.

[Courtesy of Circassian Online Library]
Kabardian-Russian Dictionary.djvu Kabardian-Russian Dictionary.djvu
Size : 5415 Kb
Type : djvu

Джаурджий, Хь. З. (H. Z. Jawirjiy), and Сыкъун, Хь. Хь. (H. H. Siqwn), УРЫС-АДЫГЭ ШКОЛ ПСАЛЪАЛЪЭ. Wiris-Adige Shkol Psalhalhe [School Russian-Kabardian Dictionary], Nalchik: Nart Publishing House, 1991.

[Courtesy of Circassian Online Library]

Russian-Kabardian Dictionary.djvu Russian-Kabardian Dictionary.djvu
Size : 4753 Kb
Type : djvu

Kabardian-English Dictionary: being a literary lexicon of East Circassian

This dictionary is mainly based on Kardanov (Qarden), B. M. (ed.), Kabardinsko-russki slovar’ [Kabardian-Russian Dictionary], Kabardino-Balkarian Science and Research Institute, Moscow: State Press of Foreign and National Dictionaries, 1957.


and secondly on the following works:

Kardanov (Qarden), B. M., Kabardinsko-russki frazeologicheski slovar [Kabardian-Russian Phraseological Dictionary], Nalchik, 1968.

Heqwn, B. Yu., Adige qech’ighets’exer [Dictionary of Circassian Flora], Cherkessk, 1975; second edition: Nalchik: Elbrus Book Press, 1992.

Wiris, H. Sch. and Zex’wex’w, L. H., Adigebze Orfograficheske Psalhalhe [Kabardino-Cherkess Orthographical Dictionary], Nalchik: Elbrus Book Press, 1982.

Emouzov, A. G., English-Kabardian-Russian Phrase[ological] Dictionary, Nalchik: The Kabardino-Balkarian Institute for Raising the Level of the Academic Proficiency of the Spiritual Legacy of the Orient, 1992 (second edition).

Many other sources were used to augment and enrich Qarden’s seminal work, and many amendments were introduced to take account of special circumstances under which the initial word-book was published, not the least of which was the dominant presence of communist ideology and propaganda, which unfortunately distorted many aspects of Circassian history, culture and folklore. many of the soviet era terms were assigned to obsoleteness and banished cultural and folkloric terms were restored.

The dictionary has about 22,000 entries arranged alphabetically in accordance with the Kabardian literary convention. The number of pages is 574, A4 size.

Available for purchase.

KabardianDictionaryA.pdf KabardianDictionaryA.pdf
Size : 208 Kb
Type : pdf

Websites of interest:

Adyga World: <http://www.audio.adyga.org/index_eng.html>

The site contains audio and video materials in Circassian. 

Circassian Online Library: <http://www.circassianlibrary.org/library.php?lang=en>

Contains a goodly number of books in Circassian in various formats and on a variety of topics.

ADIGEBZE [АДЫГЭБЗЭ]: <http://adigebze.new-forum.net/>

An exciting site in Circassian about Circassian culture from Turkey. Supported in both Cyrillic and Latin scripts.

The Lacito Archive: Caucasian languages (Langues et Civilisations à Tradition Orale): <http://www.vjf.cnrs.fr/lacito/archivage/caucase.htm>

Materials on the Abzakh, Bzchedighw and Shapsugh languages.

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